In Pakistan, Christian families face destruction of their homes

RECENTLY, THE HOUSES OF 450 CATHOLIC FAMILIES IN HYDERABAD AND KARACHI WERE DESTROYED as part of an anti-encroachment drive—targeting homes considered to be illegal settlements—by the Sindh provincial government. The decision to clean up the sludge from three city water drains was taken last year after severe urban flooding. If carried out, the plan will cause the destruction of 14,000 homes and 3,000 shops. However, not only Christians suffer from the government’s plans. About 60 percent of those affected are Muslims and 10 mosques will be razed if the plans are carried out.

In the Archdiocese of Karachi, 600 Christian families at Gujjar nullah (drain) will be displaced. The issue of compensation is hotly debated, with some arguing that the displaced are not entitled to compensation because the land had been illegally occupied. One of the residents, Anum Arif, a Catholic volunteer of Caritas Pakistan Karachi (CPK) living near the nullah, spoke with Aid to the Church in Need (ACN).

“It has been four months since the destruction started in 28 settlements on both sides of the nullah that I have grown accustomed to since my childhood. It was once a stream that merges with the Lyari River before draining into the Arabian Sea. More than 900 Christian families are living in the surrounding slums.

“My grandfather migrated from Punjab province and bought 15,000 square feet of land only 30 feet from the drain. My relatives also own several houses. The area, which falls under St. Jude’s parish, includes two churches, two schools and a madrassa (Islamic seminary).

Anum Arif

“The percentages of damages to be done are marked on the houses. Those whose homes are branded 100 percent are being directed to vacate their abode in seven days. Our house is marked 85 percent. All of us have the lease documents but the Sindh government is now refusing to accept them. The Karachi Municipal Corporation plans to broaden the roads on both sides of the nullah, up to 120 feet.  

“The deputy commissioner and politicians are ambiguous about compensation amounts and resettlement plans. The chief minister claims he will give 15,000 rupees ($97) per affected household in the next six months. The Supreme Court of Pakistan ordered that compensation be given before the evacuations, but we are still waiting. As per rumors, barren land in the Karachi suburbs is being reserved.”

“We are paying our electricity and gas bills regularly. The government departments accepted our payments for these utilities.They should be held accountable as well. The government has not shared any details of their cleanup operation or resettlement plans. We are now renting a two-room house, but many have no place to go. We don’t want money or land—we just need a house.

“The bulldozers have reached a nearby hospital where we gathered for a protest last month. We blocked the traffic for four hours but none of the government officials came to hear our grievances. We believe that urban flooding can be evaded by cleaning up the canal or building walls along it. Destroying slums isn’t the solution.”

“Daily wage-earners will be either fully or partially affected during the process. My father, a sanitary worker, spent all his savings to build our double-story four-room house.I was born there. Many became grandparents after marriage in the same settlement.

“Before his win in the general elections of 2018, Prime Minister Imran Khan had promised to create 10 million jobs and provide 5 million houses in his five-year term. But we are being made homeless. Our law suppresses the weak in service of the powerful. Our dreams have been broken.”

—Kamran Chaudhry