Massive influx of Haitian migrants triggers crisis in Mexico
THE DIOCESE OF TAPACHULA, MEXICO, denounces incidents of maltreatment and launches an aid program for migrants who, it says, are suffering a “calvary”
In recent weeks the Mexican city of Tapachula, on the border with Guatemala, has become a scene of chaos for thousands of migrants arriving there en route to the United States. These migrants, most of them Haitians right now, are fleeing the poverty, violence, and political crisis in their own countries.
Bishop Jaime Calderón of Tapachula, a diocese located on the southern coast of the state of Chiapas, recently issued a press release which was sent to Aid to the Church in Need (ACN). He stated that since 2018 his diocese has witnessed the arrival of these migrants in his city, which is seen by them as “a meeting point for obtaining a safe transit document through Mexico” as they make their way to the United States.
According to the bishop, “until now the borders have been open, and the migrants have been treated with respect by the federal government.” Sadly, however, owing to the long and interminable wait by the migrants in his diocese and the crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, the migrants “end up using up everything they have brought with them and find themselves on an agonizing Calvary of hunger, overcrowding, drugs, ill-health and general despair,” and they are becoming victims of a “veritable manhunt.”
One of the factors which has aggravated the situation is the arrival in large numbers of Haitian migrants, coming not only from their home country but also from other countries where they had previously emigrated, for example Chile, Brazil and Colombia, where the migrant and labor crisis has intensified greatly in recent months as a result of the pandemic.
Since the end of August and the beginning of September, owing to the terrible situation in Tapachula, some of the migrants have begun to move north in large groups, or caravans, into the interior of the country. In his statement, the bishop denounced the actions of certain members of the Mexican National Guard, which he described as “a veritable manhunt, terrorizing, ambushing and breaking up the migrant caravans, with disproportionate use of force. Using excessive, indiscriminate and unnecessary force, they have harassed and intimidated our migrant brothers and sisters, and particularly the women and children,” the statement reads.
At the same time the Mexican bishop denounced the violence used by law enforcement in invading the compound of the parish in the nearby town of Mapastepec to seize some 56 migrants who had taken refuge there.
In his communiqué Bishop Calderón acknowledges that the Diocese of Tapachula is aware that “behind these migrant caravans there are an infinite number of private interests, institutions and non-governmental organizations that have made these migrants into an industry for their own personal benefit.” But he insists that “we will never agree with the excessive use of force, and with the violence and harassment that are being used to intimidate and detain our migrant brethren.”
At the same time the bishop indicated that the diocese has moved to offer help in the parishes, to alleviate the critical situation faced daily by the migrants in Tapachula , “due to the massive number of migrants, the overcrowding, unemployment, hunger, drug addiction, health problems and collective stress. By means of these aid programs, the Church is endeavoring to “lighten the weight of the cross borne by these brothers and sisters of ours who have been struck by poverty, violence and helplessness.”
Faced with the magnitude of the crisis, the diocese feels overwhelmed, but Bishop Calderón is appealing for encouragement and prayers so that “our spirits will not be downcast in this effort, and we may be able to bring these brethren of ours a ray of light in this dark moment of history.”
Tapachula was in fact only the beginning of the terrible situation that has since spread to other parts of Mexico. On the Mexican-US border there have been heartbreaking scenes of thousands of Haitian migrants being turned away and repatriated. Some of these have gone back to Mexico and are being cared for above all in the Diocese of Monterey, which is currently housing more than 1500 Haitians. The archbishop of Monterey, who is also president of the Mexican bishops’ conference, recently told the migrants: “On behalf of our Church here in Monterey, I wish to welcome you here among us […] We hope that in the midst of the problems you are suffering on this northbound journey, this place may be an oasis for you.”
According to UN figures, out of some 11.5 million Haitians, around 4 million currently suffer food insecurity. Haiti, the poorest nation of Latin America, has endured a succession of natural disasters and political, economic, and healthcare crises. These were further exacerbated by the assassination of the Haitian President Jovenel Moïse, in July this year, which plunged the country into yet greater political instability, and finally by the earthquake in August this year which caused massive damage in three regions of the island.
Currently, ACN is funding more than 30 projects supporting the work of the Church in Haiti. Recently, it has also approved emergency aid for tents, food, drinking water and medical supplies, following the Aug. 14 earthquake. In the Diocese of Jérémie, ACN helps with the most urgent repairs of 10 parish houses to assure the coordination of the Church’s social and pastoral work.
—Maria Ximena Rondon & Maria Lozano